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Robert Sapolsky: Emergence and Complexity
102 minutes
MY LIST
Professor Robert Sapolsky gives a lecture on emergence and complexity. He details how a small difference at one place in nature can have a huge effect on a system as time goes on. He calls this idea fractal magnification and applies it to many different systems that exist throughout nature.
E.O. Wilson: On The Shoulders of Giants
61 minutes
MY LIST
Every generation benefits from the insights and discoveries of the generations who came before. “If I have seen a little further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants,” wrote Isaac Newton. In a special series, the World Science Festival invites audiences to stand on the shoulders of modern-day giants. The second annual address in this series will be given by esteemed evolutionary biologist and two-time Pulitzer Prize winner Edward O. Wilson, who will speak about radical advances in the study of human social behavior and evolutionary biology.
E.O. Wilson: On his book The Future of Life
20 minutes
MY LIST
Biologist E. O. Wilson talks about his book, "The Future of Life."
Daniel Dennett: On if Brains are Computers, Who Designs the Software?
76 minutes
MY LIST
There is widespread agreement among researchers in cognitive science that a human brain is some kind of computer, but not much like the laptop. If we look at perceptual experience, and education in particular, as a process of redesigning our cerebral computers, how does the software get designed, and what are the limits of this design process? Daniel C Dennett finds out.
Daniel Dennett: On the intersection of evolution and religion at the National Convention
60 minutes
MY LIST
Dennett’s work exists at the intersection of a number of fields. Drawing on his knowledge of evolutionary biology, religion, philosophy and more, he makes interesting connections between phenomena and pulls it all together to tell a compelling story. Always worth a watch.
Daniel Dennett: On Information, Evolution, and Intelligent Design
61 minutes
MY LIST
The concept of information is fundamental to all areas of science, and ubiquitous in daily life in the Internet Age. However, it is still not well understood despite being recognised for more than 40 years. In this talk, Daniel Dennett explores steps towards a unified theory of information, through common threads in evolution, learning, and engineering
Daniel Dennett: On Bacteria to Bach and Back: The Evolution of Minds at Google
76 minutes
MY LIST
How did we come to have minds?<br>For centuries, this question has intrigued psychologists, physicists, poets, and philosophers, who have wondered how the human mind developed its unrivaled ability to create, imagine, and explain. Disciples of Darwin have long aspired to explain how consciousness, language, and culture could have appeared through natural selection, blazing promising trails that tend, however, to end in confusion and controversy. Even though our understanding of the inner workings of proteins, neurons, and DNA is deeper than ever before, the matter of how our minds came to be has largely remained a mystery.<br>That is now changing, says Daniel C. Dennett. In From Bacteria to Bach and Back, his most comprehensive exploration of evolutionary thinking yet, he builds on ideas from computer science and biology to show how a comprehending mind could in fact have arisen from a mindless process of natural selection. Part philosophical whodunit, part bold scientific conjecture, this landmark work enlarges themes that have sustained Dennett’s legendary career at the forefront of philosophical thought.
Robert Sapolsky: Introduction to Human Behavioral Biology
57 minutes
MY LIST
Stanford professor Robert Sapolsky gave the opening lecture of the course entitled Human Behavioral Biology and explains the basic premise of the course and how he aims to avoid categorical thinking.
Robert Sapolsky: Behavioral Evolution I
96 minutes
MY LIST
Stanford professor Robert Sapolsky lectures on the biology of behavioral evolution and thoroughly discusses examples such as The Prisoner's Dilemma.
Robert Sapolsky: Behavioral Evolution II
96 minutes
MY LIST
Stanford professor Robert Sapolsky lectures on the biology of behavioral evolution and thoroughly discusses examples such as The Prisoner's Dilemma.
Robert Sapolsky: Molecular Genetics I
93 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky makes interdisciplinary connections between behavioral biology and molecular genetic influences. He relates protein synthesis and point mutations to microevolutionary change, and discusses conflicting theories of gradualism and punctuated equilibrium and the influence of epigenetics on development theories.
Robert Sapolsky: Molecular Genetics II
74 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky continues his series on molecular genetics in which he discusses domains of mutation and various components of natural selection on a molecular level. He also further assesses gradualism and punctuated equilibrium models of evolution, integrating these theories into an interrelated model of development.
Robert Sapolsky: Behavioral Genetics I
98 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky introduces a two-part series exploring the controversial scientific practice of inferring behavior to genetics. He covers classical techniques in behavior genetics and flaws, the significance of environmental factors, non genetic inheritance of traits, and multigenerational effects and relationship to epigenetic differences.
Robert Sapolsky: Behavioral Genetics II
92 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky continues his series addressing the link between behavior and genetics. He covers the complex endeavor of gene isolation and variability and heritability and wrongly eliminated environmental influences in heritability tests -- finding that genes and environment are infinitely interconnected and co-dependent on each other.
Robert Sapolsky: Recognizing Relatives
79 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky discusses various methods of innate recognition of relatives between animals and humans through protein signatures, olfactory cellular mechanisms, cognitive, and sensory processes. He explores the importance of relatedness in animal mating/ovulation cycles and other phenomena that show how organisms identify each other.
101 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky looks at the biology of behavior through the ethological lens: observing animals in various natural environments, in their own language. He explores behavioral variety, the importance of gene environment interactions, experimental testing of fixed action patterns, the releasing of informational stimuli, and neuroethology.
Robert Sapolsky: Introduction to Neuroscience I
60 minutes
MY LIST
Nathan Woodling and Anthony Chung-Ming Ng give a broad overview of the field of neuroscience and how it relates to human biology. They discuss the different lobes of the brain and the cells within as well as neuropharmacology and re-uptake.
Robert Sapolsky: Limbic System
88 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky focuses on the role of the limbic system as the emotional component of the nervous system. He explores its influence on decision making, its connection to the cortex, and the various functions of subparts within the limbic system circuitry.
Robert Sapolsky: Human Sexual Behavior I
101 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky explores behavioral patterns of human reproduction. He focuses on proximal and distal motivations, orgasm and fertility facilitation, non-reproductive sex, hormonal and cerebral sexual functions, and the differences and similarities between humans and animals in various physiological realms.
Robert Sapolsky: Human Sexual Behavior II
100 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky delivers the second part of his two-part lecture on sexual behavior. He discusses how this behavior has evolved into the intricate and complex system that exists today.
Robert Sapolsky: Introduction to Neuroscience II
73 minutes
MY LIST
Patrick House discusses memories and how they are formed. Dana Turker then lectures about the autonomic nervous system and its functions.
Robert Sapolsky: Endocrinology
49 minutes
MY LIST
William Peterson and Tom McFadden introduce the field of endocrinology. They explore at the contextual basis of the endocrine system, peptide vs. steroid hormones, the processes by which the brain controls hormones, and hormonal influence on the brain.
Robert Sapolsky: Human Sexual Behavior III & Aggression I
96 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky completes his talk on sexual behavior in humans as well as other species, focusing on characteristics that create attractiveness. He then switches subject and talks about human aggression and how this has evolved and developed in different cultures.
Robert Sapolsky: Advanced Neurology and Endocrinology
73 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky continues the exploration of endocrinology and neurology. He looks at more complicated systems of communication within neurobiology, the limbic system's role in personality and behavior, abnormal behavior possibilities within these systems, and individual organism variation and imprinting.
Robert Sapolsky: Aggression II
105 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky continues his lectures about aggression in humans but also continues to talk about other emotions and what goes on in the brain to cause these various emotions.
Robert Sapolsky: Aggression III
101 minutes
MY LIST
Robert Sapolsky continues his neurobiological exploration of human aggression. He discusses correlations between neurotransmitter prevalence and aggression levels, aggressive activity differences from genetic variance, societal factors and application, amplification from alcohol, and crime and punishment.
Robert Sapolsky: Aggression IV
102 minutes
MY LIST
Professor Robert Sapolsky completes his fourth and final part of a discussion about aggression and violence. He discusses how hormones and evolution have shaped this behavior into the way humans interact today.
Robert Sapolsky: Chaos and Reductionism
97 minutes
MY LIST
Professor Robert Sapolsky gives what he calls "one of the most difficult lectures of the course" about chaos and reductionism. He references a book that he assigned to his students. This lecture focuses on reduction science and breaking things down to their component parts in order to understand them best.
102 minutes
MY LIST
Professor Robert Sapolsky gives a lecture on language. He describes the similarities and differences between different human and animal languages. He focuses on how we use language to communicate with each other, how we communicate with animals, and how animals commute with each other.
Robert Sapolsky: Individual Differences
105 minutes
MY LIST
Professor Robert Sapolsky gives the final lecture in the Human Biology 160 class. He uses the lecture to wrap up any loose ends and show how the themes of the class connects without the more complex concepts that were brought up throughout the course.
Robert Sapolsky: Schizophrenia
100 minutes
MY LIST
Professor Robert Sapolsky finishes his lecture on language and then dives into his discussion about schizophrenia. He discusses environmental factors as well as genetic characteristics that could apply to people who are affected. He describes schizophrenia as a disease of thought disorder and inappropriate emotional attributes.